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Agate semi-precious stones

2019-05-14 Taoist No comment

agate

Agate is a term correctly applied to chalcedony, characterized by a color distribution in a curved band or layer. The term also loosely uses prefixes to describe non-striped pattern materials; moss agate or mocha agate [milky chalcedony, green, black or brown inclusions in dendritic patterns], landscape agate, agate lace or fortified agate [intersecting] Straight hand].

The earliest human property

Agate is considered to be one of the earliest human properties. Jewelry jewels, as well as spears and arrowheads, were found in prehistoric monuments. As early as 3500 BC, the Egyptians exploited agate, and the early Sumerians of Mesopotamia made cylindrical seals, seal rings, beads and other ornaments with this versatile stone. The artifacts of 3000 – 2300 BC were created by these earliest gems. The Sumerians are considered to be the first to distinguish precious gems from ordinary minerals and may be the first to give extraordinary gems extraordinary attributes. It is believed that agate is particularly attractive to the wearer. Although it is obvious that this stone has been used in large quantities, the source of Mesopotamia agate has never been determined.

Western literature

The first mention of agate in the Western literature is also a source of modern microcrystalline polymers. The Greek writer Theophrastus [372-287 BC] mentioned beautiful gems sold at high prices. He further said that the stone was found in the Achates [or Gagates] river in Sicily. In 77 AD, Elder Pliny repeated the story about the source of agate in its natural history and detailed all the knowledge of stone to date. Pliny said: "These people have been valued a long time ago, but now it is very cheap." He continued to catalogue the varieties and identify and give the name of each variety.

It appears in large quantities and in various colors because it has many names: iaspisachates [agate – jasper], cerachates [chalcedony], smaragdachates [green agate], haemachates [red agate or red agate], leucachates [chalcedony] and dendracrates [Bryophyllum] As for the variety called autochates [may be amber], it will emit a similar smell to myrrh as it is burned.

Know how

Pliny's work is the source of many attributes that give agate. In his writings, he recorded the beliefs of the existence of Romans in the first century; watching the agate resting on the eyes, the agate in his mouth would extinguish the most desperate thirst. The coral is then described as "the whole body is found, like sapphire, with gold drops, usually found in Crete, it is also known as the "sacred agate". It is said that this specific color of agate can cure the deadly The sting of spiders and scorpions. Orpheus wrote another type: If you hold a tree agate in your hand, the immortal god will be very happy with you. If you plow the ground or the sturdy arm of the farmer with the horn Connected, the Celes of the Wheat Champion will be completely removed from the sky from your furrow.

The magician was warned to avoid the use of agate like a dog-like pattern, which is said to cause domestic turmoil. Stones resembling lion skin are said to be particularly effective against poisons, and they are more effective if worn on ropes made of lion's mane. The writer of the second century BC, Damigerson, said: "Agate stone has a lot of power. If it is like the skin of a lion, it is very effective for biting a bite, because if it is tied, or if it is used, it will be taken away immediately. All the pain, and healed the bite of the viper. "A red-yellow, also known as "lion agate", is considered a favorite of the Roman gladiators and a source of courage and strength.

In the Hebrew tradition, the connection between agate and the lion was repeated. The Ahair pulled out of the lion's mane is the source of Jewish courage. Agate is considered a suitable alternative and may be easier to find when needed. It is said that the power of stone and lion is intertwined. This is considered to be the source of the connection between agate and the zodiac Leo. It is said that the gem belongs to the tribe Nephtali and the name translates to "my wrestling". For those who struggle with mental problems, agate will give lions a locust.

The Roman tradition says that wrestlers wearing agate are invincible, but only if the stone is the true color. Pliny's work provides a way to test stones to determine if their color is true. Instruct the tester to place the stone in a pot of hot oil. After boiling for two hours, if it is true, the color of the stone will make the oil color. Modern gemologists may notice that this color test is the opposite of the original method used to dye chalcedony.

Pliny wrote about the application of agate in the preparation of drugs. He specifically pointed out that the two varieties have therapeutic capabilities. Powdered agate from India [described as green stone] will be used as a drug for the treatment of eye diseases. Agate [red] from Egypt or Crete is best when it comes to treating spider or scorpion bites. However, no prescription is provided for the preparation or application of the stone. He does illustrate the cooling effect of gems on the body and can treat toxic bites. The ancient writer also confirmed that the Roman doctor used agate mortars and mortars to grind drugs.

Another part of Pliny's history describes the use of agate for other purposes. This stone was used to make cups for serving and drinking wine. These cups are said to cool the drink. He talked about "people in the clouds searching for ships that can be used to cool our drafts and dig rocks and stand in the sky so that we can be satisfied with drinking from the ice." Pliny repeatedly mentioned by Mikha Made of cups. The term can be used without further definition, but many authors translate it into a reference for amber. Pliny added this speculation to the description of autachates as an aroma stone [such as myrrh]. Pliny said that the stone was collected from towering rocks, which made any confusion unrelated to amber. The term myrrha looks like a generic term for "hard rock" or any quartz-like stone. He did mention a story, if it is amber, it refers to the form of agate. He writes that the Persians are said to use the pungent smell of burning agate to avoid storms and subdue violent rivers.

Homing device

Another attribute of agate is found in the work of the Greek writer Physioologus in the fourth century. The early writer pointed out that agate is useful for finding pearls. 7 Agate is lowered on the ropes to the bottom of the sea. When it sinks like an anchor, the agate stone will turn to the position of the pearl. Divers who follow the rope will receive a reward with a pearl oyster. This method may not prove to be very reliable, as this is the only known reference for this unique method of collecting pearls.

Middle Eastern legend

The story about agate virtues has been passed on to us from many ancient cultures. The Egyptians believe that each color of agate, white, gray, dark red, blue, yellow and brown has unique and independent virtues. Form an image of their god in each shade. Pharoh's doctor prescribed milky white to prevent neck stiffness and relieve abdominal pain. This stone will be applied directly to the sores to relieve the pain. The Persians, Armenians and Arabs did not clearly distinguish between agate, carnelian and other chalcedony. All of these gems are considered to be a common origin. These cultures do divide the stone where they are found. The most respected agate family is those who are called yamani. Yamani is the most attractive stone to buy from Yemen.

Travelers heading to the Near East returned to Europe with a stone story and the virtues they reported. It is believed that red agate can prevent blood flow, and a white carnelian, known as "milk stone", increases the milk production of lactating women, all of which are of Islamic origin. From the early catalogue of Tavernier we got the name agatesarborisées. This is the stone stone in the Persian language translated by Tavernier, which we call the moss agate. The name is taken from the Arabian Seaport and these stones are exported to the west and the Near East. The Islamic faith is intermingled with the traditions of Greek and Roman writers.

Chinese folklore

Go further to the East to think about other beliefs. Chinese herbalists and Taoist doctors classify agate as a special stone called an anesthetic. The word literal translation means “the brain of a horse” because undulating patterns are found on the surface of many rough specimens. When written in Chinese, the word ma-nao is followed by the symbol of a gem or gem to eliminate confusion. Chinese military agate is not an ordinary stone, nor a jade. Its ranking is not as good as jade, but its importance is next to it. To test the real agate is to rub it with branches or branches, and if it is warm, it is fake. If it's cool, chances are it's true.

middle Ages

Medieval writers extended the beliefs of the ancients. The eleventh-century Malbord gem country said: "The wearer of agate should agree and be convincing to humans and receive the favor of God." The 14th century Chevalier Jean de Mandeville Lapidaire provides a wide list of attributes for gemstones. . Many of them apparently came from early authority, but Mandeville extended the virtues of stone in writing:

This stone destroyed everything…

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