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Chinese Art – Chinese Art under the Shang Dynasty (1600 BC – 1050 BC)

The Chinese primitive art, famous for its pottery, witnessed the transformation of the materials that the craftsmen made in 1600 BC, when the Shang Dynasty, known as the First Eastern Civilization, was born. In 1600 BC and 1050 BC, the Shang Dynasty or the Yin Dynasty was the first Chinese dynasty to rule the Yellow River Basin or the "right China." '

Oracle, bones, turtle shells or scapular bone fragments, engraved with Chinese characters, is the most representative visual art of East Asian calligraphy in Shang Dynasty. Shang architecture includes features such as “agriculture”. Foundation, stone pillar pillars, platform, German wood frame structure. There are regulations for residential areas, work areas and storage areas.

Metal products, especially bronze products, replace the clay used to make ceramic cans and containers. The metal [bronze] process of the first few years was limited to making bells, jewelry and tools. However, a new type of metal casting technique called sheet die casting was quickly invented. In this method, a plurality of ceramic molds are used to cast bronze. This discovery led to the amazing inscriptions of bronzes such as weapons, chariot parts and ceremonial vessels. The sheet metal casting technology needs to be very precise in terms of materials and labor. The bronze metal design in the Shang Dynasty is the most exquisite and knowledgeable.

In Shang Yi, these extraordinary bronze products are decorated with “taotie [animal face] pattern” to further enhance their exotic style. These patterns on bronze products have caused controversy among scholars. Some people think that these patterns are purely ornamental, and have no connection or relationship with commercial myths or religions, while others are the opposite. In political and spiritual rituals where only rulers, spirits, gods, and ancestors are condemned, vessels using bronze ceremonies are used as advertisements to supply wine, or as large cans to contain and cook food.

Another magical form of Shangyi is jade carving. Disc-shaped jade pieces are sculpted, including curly dragons, fish, tigers, birds, cattle creatures and various geometric patterns. The jade carvings of the Shang Dynasty were in parallel with other civilizations of the time in terms of art and quality. The number and type of jade plates that an individual has in a ceremony or ceremony determines his/her social status. China Shangyi is also known for its glazed stoneware and white pottery.

The Shang Dynasty civilization believed in decorating their funeral with exquisite bronzes, stoneware, bone hair clips, weapons and carved jade. They believe that these items will be used in their next life. Since 1950, archaeologists have discovered countless treasures of the Shang Dynasty. Bronze wares of the 12th century BC, commercial owls received about $3 million at the 2000 international auction. With the passage of time, reference to Chinese art has almost become synonymous with bronze. Metal fabrication and jade carving.

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