There are now a variety of writing pens. There are ball pens, pens, reed pens, ballpoint pens, ballpoint pens, squirt pens, gel pens, velvet ballpoint pens, etc. Among the most important pen manufacturers are Parker pens, Mont Blanc pens, Waterman pens, Bic pens, cross pens and many others. This extraordinary writing instrument, with which it can leave ink on paper, is an integral part of our lives. In fact, it is an indispensable part of human culture.
The history of writing pens began in ancient times, starting around 3000 BC. They are cut from the stems of the reeds. The English word "pen" [writing feather] comes from the Latin word "penna", which means "bird feather". This happens because goose feathers are very popular. Bird feathers have been widely used by many civilizations since the sixth century BC. The best samples are made from the large feathers of swans, turkeys and geese. Archaeological discoveries in the ancient city of Pompeii include bronze variants of writing pens, but they were only widely disseminated at the end of the eighteenth century. A century-old pen with a capillary system, or simply a pen, was invented by LE Waterman, a New York-based writing goods seller. Laszlo Biro added the ball mechanism to the capillary in consideration of the final method of manufacturing ball bearings for machines and weapons, and showed the ballpoint pen to the world in 1944. Tokyo Stationery Pentel became the first person to showcase the felt tip in the world in 1960.
The history of writing pens lasted for about 6,000 years. Here are the main ones:
Between 3000 and 4000 BC, ancient people used bronze or bone sticks to scratch wet clay boards.
Around 3000 BC, Egyptians began to use images in their works. Use a thin reed brush or feather to make an inscription on the papyrus roll.
In 1300 BC, the Romans wrote a thin wax on a wooden strip with a metal pen. The other end of the pen erased the writing.
middle Ages. The Anglo-Saxons began using wax-filled bars in addition to parchment. They write with metal or bone pens, one of which is sharp and the other end is for deletion.
From 600 to 1800, Europeans found that using a sharp pen changed the writing style [handwriting]. First they only used uppercase letters, but then they started using lowercase letters to speed up writing. The first appearance of a quill [goose] in Seville, Spain was used as a writing instrument from 600 to 1800 AD.
1790ies. The slate pen was invented independently of France and Australia.
1800-1850ies. The metal pen was patented in 1803, but the patent was not used for commercial purposes. Pens were widely used in the 1830s. In the 19th century, metal pens completely replaced the feathers of the goose. In 1850, as the quality of the pens increased, the use of feather pens decreased significantly: their tips were made of heavy alloys with bismuth, bismuth and antimony added.
Insurance agent Lewis Edson Waterman invented the first pen in 1844.
The official date for the invention of the ballpoint pen was at the end of the 19th century. In 1888 John Loud made a patent in 1916 – Van Vechten Reisberg. Unlike other patents, these patents are used for commercial purposes.
The invention of modern ballpoint pens is attributed to Laszlo Biro and George Biro. In the summer of 1943, the first industrial copies were made. The patent is purchased by the British Parliament. During the Second World War, militants used ballpoint pens because they were more convenient and reliable than feather pens.
In the 1940s, ballpoint pens appeared in the US market. They are sold as the first pen written under water. The ballpoint pen has achieved great success. In a large store department in New York, more than 10,000 ballpoint pens were sold during the lunch on October 29, 1945.
In 1953, when BIC's French baron Bich was engaged in the manufacture of ballpoint pens, the first batch of cheap ballpoint pens appeared, trying to improve the process and reduce manufacturing costs. The Bic pen is very cheap and soon became very popular.
In 1960, felt-tip pens were invented in Japan. Soon, felt-tip pens appeared in the US market and kissed it.
The ball-point pen appeared in the early 1980s. They have a moving ball that uses liquid ink to write smoother lines on paper. Technological advances in the late 1980s – In the early 1990s, the ball was greatly improved in all parameters.
In the 1990s, pens with rubber surfaces reduced the pressure on the pen and were widely used.
Large-scale production of RingPens began in 1997. These pens were developed to be written without the use of three fingers.
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